First release candidate for OCaml 4.14.2

The release of OCaml version 4.14.2 is imminent.

OCaml 4.14.2 is a new update to the stable 4.14 branch of OCaml. This new release backports many safe bug fixes from the OCaml 5 branch and fixes a handful of compatibility issues of OCaml 4.14.1 with newer operating system versions.

A full list of bug fixes is available below.

In order to ensure that the future release works as expected, we are planning to test a release candidate during the upcoming week (the rc candidate might take some time to propagate on the opam repository).

If you find any bugs, please report them here on GitHub.


Installation Instructions

The base compiler can be installed as an opam switch with the following commands on opam 2.1:

opam update
opam switch create 4.14.2~rc1

The source code for the release candidate is available on

Fine-Tuned Compiler Configuration

If you want to tweak the configuration of the compiler, you can switch to the option variant with:

opam update
opam switch create <switch_name> ocaml-variants.4.14.2~rc1+options <option_list>

where <option_list> is a space-separated list of ocaml-option-* packages. For instance, for a flambda and no-flat-float-array switch:

opam switch create 4.14.2~rc1+flambda+nffa ocaml-variants.4.14.2~rc1+options ocaml-option-flambda ocaml-option-no-flat-float-array

All available options can be listed with opam search ocaml-option.


Changes Since OCaml 4.14.1

Runtime System:

  • #11764, #12577: Add prototypes to old-style C function definitions
    and declarations.
    (Antonin DĂ©cimo, review by Xavier Leroy and Nick Barnes)

  • #11763, #11759, #11861, #12509, #12577: Use strict prototypes on primitives.
    (Antonin DĂ©cimo, review by Xavier Leroy, David Allsopp, SĂ©bastien
    Hinderer and Nick Barnes)

  • (breaking change) #10723: Do not use -flat-namespace linking for macOS.
    (Carlo Cabrera, review by Damien Doligez)
  • #11332, #12702: Make sure Bool_val(v) has type bool in C++
    (Xavier Leroy, report by ygrek, review by Gabriel Scherer)

Build System:

  • #11590: Allow installing to a destination path containing spaces
    (Élie Brami, review by Sébastien Hinderer and David Allsopp)

  • #12372: Pass option -no-execute-only to the linker for OpenBSD >= 7.3
    so that code sections remain readable, as needed for closure marshaling.
    (Xavier Leroy and Anil Madhavapeddy, review by Anil Madhavapeddy and
    SĂ©bastien Hinderer)

  • #12903: Disable control flow integrity on OpenBSD >= 7.4 to avoid
    illegal instruction errors on certain CPUs.
    (Michael Hendricks, review by Miod Vallat)

Bug fixes:

  • #12061, #12063: Don’t add inconsistent equalities when computing
    high-level error messages for functor applications and inclusions.
    (Florian Angeletti, review by Gabriel Scherer)

  • #12878: Fix incorrect treatment of injectivity for private recursive types.
    (Jeremy Yallop, review by Gabriel Scherer and Jacques Garrigue)

  • #12971, #12974: Fix an uncaught Ctype. Escape exception on some
    invalid programs forming recursive types.
    (Gabriel Scherer, review by Florian Angeletti, report by Neven Villani)

  • #12264, #12289: Fix compact_allocate to avoid a pathological case
    that causes very slow compaction.
    (Damien Doligez, report by Arseniy Alekseyev, review by Sadiq Jaffer)

  • #12513, #12518: Automatically enable emulated fma for Visual Studio 2019+
    to allow configuration with either pre-Haswell/pre-Piledriver CPUs or running
    in VirtualBox. Restores parity with the other Windows ports, which don’t
    require explicit --enable-imprecise-c99-float-ops.
    (David Allsopp, report by Jonah Beckford and Kate Deplaix, review by
    SĂ©bastien Hinderer)

  • #11633, #11636: Bug fix in caml_unregister_frametable
    (Frédéric Recoules, review by Gabriel Scherer)

  • #12636, #12646: More prudent reinitialisation of I/O mutexes after a fork()
    (Xavier Leroy, report by Zach Baylin, review by Enguerrand Decorne)

  • (breaking change) #10845 Emit frametable size on AMD64 BSD (OpenBSD, FreeBSD, NetBSD) systems (emitted for Linux in #8805)
    (Hannes Mehnert, review by Nicolás Ojeda Bär)
  • #12958: Fix tail-modulo-cons compilation of try-with, &&, and ||
    expressions.
    (Gabriel Scherer and Nicolás Ojeda Bär, report by Sylvain Boilard, review by
    Gabriel Scherer)
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